ABRAHAM BEN JOSIAH YERUSHALMI


ABRAHAM BEN JOSIAH YERUSHALMI
ABRAHAM BEN JOSIAH YERUSHALMI (c. 1685–after 1734), Karaite scholar, one of the most important authors in the Crimea, ḥazzan and teacher of Torah, from chufut-kaleh . The agnomen Yerushalmi probably indicates that his father, Josiah, made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem. His religious philosophical treatise Emunah Omen, written in 1712 (pub. Eupatoria, 1846), dealt with the following subjects: the divine origin and eternity of the Torah; which religion is the true   one, the Karaite or the Rabbanite?; does tradition permit Jews to study the secular sciences? Abraham defended the Karaite conception of the Torah, arguing that the differences between the rabbinic and Karaite views about fulfillment of the commandments are insignificant. He shows respect for the talmudic authorities and later Rabbanite scholars with whose work he was well acquainted. Although opposed to the study of secular sciences (except in the service of the Torah), Abraham was familiar with both Karaite and Rabbanite philosophical and scientific literature. Abraham's numerous other works include homiletical discourses, liturgical poetry incorporated in the Karaite prayer book, and Sha'ol Sha'al (Ms. St. Petersburg, Evr. II A 322), a treatise on the laws of ritual slaughter. Abraham was the grandfather of Benjamin b. Samuel aga . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Fuerst, Karaeertum, 3 (1869), 68–73; A. Geiger, Nachgelassene Schriften, 2 (1875), 351–7 (analysis of Emunah Omen); S. Poznański, in: Ha-Goren, 8 (1912), 58–75; Mann, Texts, 2 (1935), 1277–78. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Poznanski, Ha-Kara'i Avraham ben Yoshiyahu Yerushalmi (1894). (Jakob Naphtali Hertz Simchoni / Golda Akhiezer (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABRAHAM BEN JOSIAH TROKI — (1636–1687), Karaite poet and mystic; son of the physician Josiah b. Judah b. Aaron of Troki, Lithuania, who was a disciple of the famous Jewish scholar and kabbalist, joseph solomon delmedigo from Candia. According to A. Firkovich , Abraham was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AGA — AGA, family name of Crimean Karaites, originating in the title given to the holder of an important office (Turk.). The first person to go under this name was Samuel ben Abraham (1717–1770), the son of abraham ben josiah yerushalmi , the prominent …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KARAITES — (Heb. בַּעֲלֵי מִקְרָא ,בְּנֵי מִקְרָא ,קָרָאִים, Qaraʾim, Benei Miqra, Ba alei Miqra; Ar. Qarāʾiyyūn), Jewish sect which came into being toward the middle of the ninth century. (See Map: karaite Settlement). Its doctrine is characterized… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Exilarch — An exhibit depicting Exilarch Huna at the Beit Hatefutsot Exilarch (Hebrew: ראש גלות Rosh Galut, Aramaic: ריש גלותא Reish Galuta lit. head of the exile , Greek: Æchmalotarcha) refers to the leaders of the Diaspora Jewish community in Babylon… …   Wikipedia

  • Mishpatim — (מִּשְׁפָּטִים Hebrew for “laws,” the second word of the parshah) is the eighteenth weekly Torah portion (parshah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the sixth in the book of Exodus. It constitutes Exodus 21:1–24:18. Jews in the… …   Wikipedia

  • MAIMONIDES, MOSES — (Moses ben Maimon; known in rabbinical literature as Rambam ; from the acronym Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon; 1135–1204), rabbinic authority, codifier, philosopher, and royal physician. BIOGRAPHY The most illustrious figure in Judaism in the post… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ten Commandments — For other uses, see Ten Commandments (disambiguation). This 1768 …   Wikipedia

  • HISTORY — For Prehistory see archaeology ; for Biblical and Second Temple periods, see history . Destruction of the Second Temple until the Arab Conquest (70–640 C.E.) THE EFFECTS OF THE WAR OF 66–70 C.E. The Jewish war against the Romans, which lasted… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses — For other uses, see Moses (disambiguation). Moses Moses …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.